Online Courses Subsidies
Heavily subsidize MOOCs, and efficiently raise the value of a country's human capital, and reduce unemployment.
MOOCs these days are often provided free of charge, and are a great way of learning new skills. However, there is no incentive to study them, so few people finish them (I've read the completion rate is a approx. 15%). Risk of spending time learning thoroughly something that will perhaps end up relatively useless, is a big gamble for most, when they could just take crap jobs instead of advancing their knowledge.
Subsidizing MOOCs, such that they would pay just like a regular job, would for one increase the talent pool of people highly advanced knowledge and skills, and reduce unemployment, because after all, such people are actually needed.
By heavily subsidizing MOOCs, any country could efficiently skyrocket its human capital and slash down the unemployment (after all, people studying MOOCs would suddenly be paid, and in demand after completing them).
I agree that it is a valuable resource that needs to be incentivised in some way. Their existence and low adoption rate all point to a bigger opportunity. The underlying logic is to make learning more accessible. However, it is done within a siloed context. What is the bigger goal here? It is to promote high efficacy of cumulative cultural evolution (cce). If the problem is reframed from this deeper, cultural, anthropological perspective, we could learn from this failure of MOOCs to redesign an open knowledge commons for humanity that is the education system for the future of humanity.
So in essence, not only incentifying them, but remaking them in a new system that mitigates this problem.